How to sow grass seed – 4 top tips

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Whether you’re landscaping your garden or trying to fix bare patches in your lawn, sowing grass seed can be the ideal long-term solution to get lush green grass. Sowing grass isn’t as easy as just throwing down some seeds however, you will need to prepare and pay attention to four top tips.

Our gardens are often our pride and joy, with space to relax, entertain friends and family and enjoy a barbecue or two during the warmer months.

After years of wear and tear, or decisions to remodel, grass can become bare, sparse or just need a complete refresh.

One quick solution is to opt for artificial grass – however, if you’re wanting the real deal, sowing grass seed is your best bet.

Read on for the four top tips when it comes to sowing grass seed.

Read More: Gardening tips: FIVE laws of gardening gardeners must keep in mind

How to sow grass seed

1. Preparing the soil

Before you plant any seeds, you will need to prepare the soil.

If you don’t, you risk the seeds failing to grow properly, weeds taking over and a general patchy appearance.

To prepare the soil, first examine the quality of the patch you are looking to plant over.

If your soil is poor quality, you can always add topsoil as a base for plants to grow.

According to, the ideal soil base needs to be:

  • Free from weeds, moss or other debris
  • Well-draining
  • Level

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2. Pay attention to the date

When sowing grass seed, you need to make sure you do it at the right time – or else risk the seed failing.

The ideal time to sow grass seed is from mid-March to September when temperatures are consistently 8C to 10C.

If you opt to sow in the summer, particularly during a hot spell, make sure you keep your grass seed watered so the seedlings don’t dry out.

3. Rake and dig

Just as you’re about to sow the seed you should rake the area thoroughly.

Dig the soil over to a depth of 20 to 25cm (8 to 10 inches), then rake.

This will ensure an even surface for your seeds to grow, levelling the ground.

For planting over existing grass areas, remove any dead grass with raking or scarifying.

Make sure the soil is loose before planting.

4. Sow seed

When you are ready to sow your grass seed, you should sow at a rate of 35g per metre squared.

You can either use a seed spreader for this or do it by hand.

After sowing, rake once more to ensure the seed is firmly in the soil.

You can then use a roller to firm the surface, or your foot.

After you’ve sown the grass seed, you will need to water the area daily for six weeks – however, you don’t need to do so if it has been raining.

After six weeks your lawn will be fully established, but wait until you mow.

The first mow of your new lawn should be once the grass has reached 5 to 7cm (2 to 3 inches).

Regularly weed your lawn, and apply fertiliser where necessary.

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