Gardeners' World: Adam Frost gives advice on growing veg
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Sunny skies have returned and Brits are eager to spend time with family and friends in the garden. After a long winter and spring of cold and rainy weather, some gardens may need some TLC. There are some June specific jobs you can do this month, so read on for tasks to tackle in June.
1. Make Compost
One key task this month could be getting a start on creating compost.
You can use a slatted wooden bin, a modified rubbish bin, a tumbler, a bottom access plastic bin or an adjustable wire bin to create your compost in.
To do this GardenersWorld suggests you need a “50:50 mix of materials that are rich in nitrogen and carbon”.
You can find nitrogen in items like grass clippings, while carbon comes in cardboard and wood stems.
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So when adding grass cuttings, add an equal amount of brown material.
This can be egg boxes, paper or loo rolls.
Avoid the following items when composting
- Meat, fish, egg or poultry scraps (odour problems and pests)
- Dairy products (odour problems and pests)
- Fats, grease, lard or oils (odour problems and pests)
- Coal or charcoal ash (contains substances harmful to plants)
- Diseased or insect-ridden plants (diseases or insects might spread)
2. Deadhead roses
Once your roses have bloomed, they may begin to look wilted and drop petals.
While this is natural, deadheading these can help encourage growth next year.
When it comes to deadheading roses there are two stages.
First can be aesthetic with the removal of brown flowers so you can enjoy the remaining flowers.
The second stage helps bring new blooms and maintain the shape of your plant.
To deadhead you will need deadheading snips, secateurs and gloves.
For the second stage, DavidAustinRoses.co.uk advises: “Remove the entire flowering head by cutting the stem just above the first leaf with five leaflets.
“Once all the flowering heads have been removed, cut any disproportionally tall stems back to the height of the rest of the plant, creating a nice rounded shape as you go.”
3. Prune fruit
Thompson Morgan advises you start to prune your plum or cherry trees now.
Fruit trees will naturally begin to shed fruit in what’s known as the ‘June drop’.
However, you should try and thin out any clustered branches to make sure you have the space for bigger and better fruits.
Another job could be to protect any growing fruits from prey like birds by putting netting around your plants.
Seed planting can be done year-round, depending on the type of plant.
In June there are specific flowers, trees, fruit and vegetables you can plant.
- French, runner and broad beans
- Outdoor cucumbers
These should be sown directly into prepared beds outside
- Moved any forced strawberries outdoors
- Put outdoor melons under cloches
- Direct sow calendula, Candytuft ‘Dwarf Fairyland Mixed’, clarkia (Godetia), larkspur and limnanthes outdoors
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